Could 25-OH vitamin D deficiency be a reason for HPV infection persistence in cervical premalignant lesions?
Emre Özgü, Nafiye Yılmaz, Eralp Başer, Tayfun Güngör, Salim Erkaya and Halil İbrahim Yakut
Vitamin D is an essential precursor to the steroid hormone calcitriol which mainly regulates calcium homeostasis. Moreover anti- proliferative, proapoptotic, anti- angiogenic effects of Vitamin D support the ideas of preventive role in various cancer. This study aimed to determine if there is a relationship between HPVDNA infection and cervical intraepithelial neoplasia and Vitamin D deficiency. As a result of the study the difference of 25-OH Vitamin D3 levels between HPVDNA positive group and the control group were statistically significant (p=0,009). According to results of our study, with the proven anti-inflammatory functions of Vitamin D, the deficiency of these molecule and its metabolites can be a possible reason for HPVDNA persistence and related cervical intraepithelial neoplasia.
Keywords: Vitamin D, cholecalciferol, HPV, Cervical intraepithelial lesions