Educating the handicraft factory workers about tobacco cessation and to assess its effectiveness by motivational interviewing: An intervention study
Rajeev Mahajan, Jitender Solanki, Raghvendra S Kurdekar, Sarika Gupta, Ashish Modh and OmPrakash Yadav
Introduction: Tobacco use is considered to be global pandemic. The study was done to assess the effectiveness of smoking cessation intervention among workers by motivational interviewing among handicraft factories, Jodhpur, Rajasthan.
Methodology: An interventional study was carried out among 400 handicraft factory workers on the basis of inclusion and exclusion criterion. Twenty one handicraft factories were taken into consideration. Training, Standardization and Calibration of Examiners was carried out in the public health department. The structured pretested proforma and Fagerstrom questionnaire was used to record the data. Four sessions of intervention were given to workers. Follow ups were carried out after 1 month, 3 month and 6 month. Paired t-test was used to compare Fagerstrom/smoking analysis mean scores among study and control groups before and after intervention.
Results: showed that in study group, a percentage change of +1.2%, seen in high dependence category and -1.5 in very high dependence and after 6 months the change was+14.2%, 18.7%, -19.2% in Very low dependence, Low dependence, Medium dependence, -11.8% was seen in high dependence category and -1.8 in very high dependence. When comparison was done among Fagerstrom/smoking analysis mean scores among study subjects before and after intervention. It was found that there was a significant difference between the mean scores of Fagerstrom/smoking analysis between baseline – 3 months, 3 months to 6 months and 6 months to 9 months among study group as compared to control group.
Conclusion: Tobacco addiction produces neurological and behavioural change, optima; approach involving behavioural change and pharmacotherapy are needed.
Keywords: fagerstrom, handicraft worker, smoking, tobacco, behaviour