Impact of low-level radiation on concentrations of some trace elements in radiation workers
Nima Rostampour, Tinoosh Almasi, Masoumeh Rostampour, Hamid Reza Sadeghi, Ehsan Khodamoradi,
Reyhaneh Razi and Zahra Derakhsh
Introduction: Small variations in trace element levels may cause important physiological changes in the human body. This study aims to evaluate five important trace elements in radiation workers.
Method: In this study, 44 radiation workers and an equal number of non-radiation workers were selected as the case and control group, respectively. The concentrations of iron, magnesium, zinc, copper, and selenium in the serum of the participants were measured using an Atomic Absorption Spectrometry (AAS).
Results: The mean concentrations of iron, magnesium, zinc, copper, and selenium for the case group were 107.3 μg/dl, 2.3 mg/dl, 80.9 μg/dl, 112.6 μg/dl and 216.7 ng/ ml, respectively. The results for the control group were 121.9 μg/dl, 2.3 mg/dl, 82.3 μg/dl, 112.8 μg/dl and 225.2 ng/ml, respectively.
Conclusions: The mean concentration of iron in the case group was significantly lower than the control group (p-value = 0.012), while the concentrations of other elements in both of the groups were not significantly different. In the case group, except magnesium (p-value = 0.021), no significant relationship was found between age and the elemental concentrations. According to Spearman’s test, there was a meaningful statistical correlation between the sex and concentration of iron, Mg, Zn, and Se. Also, the correlation between the concentration of magnesium and the weights of radiation workers was significant (p-value =0.044).
Keywords: atomic absorption spectrometry, Low-level radiation, radiation effects, radiation worker, trace element