Improving the toxicity profile of chemotherapy for advanced ovarian cancer: A potential role for CT-2103
Significant progress has been made in the management of advanced ovarian cancer. Response rates to platinum-based chemotherapy are respectable; however, recurrence continues to be the rule rather than the exception. Chemotherapy is administered as initial treatment and for disease recurrence, often over a period of many years–thus ovarian cancer is considered a chronic disease by many oncologists. The importance of the taxanes in the treatment of ovarian cancer is well established. However, taxanes are associated with numerous toxicities, resulting in the need for alternative dosing strategies that produce fewer side effects, or the discovery of novel taxanes with equivalent anti-tumor activity, but a more favorable toxicity profile. Several taxanes are in development including CT-2103, a macromolecule consisting of paclitaxel conjugated to a biodegradable, water-soluble polymer of glutamic acid. Clinical data of CT-2103 as a single agent and in combination have demonstrated activity in previously treated ovarian cancer patients, both in platinumsensitive and platinum-resistant disease. CT-2103 appears to be potentially associated with a more favorable toxicity profile relative to paclitaxel, and enhanced solubility allows for a 10-minute infusion. Ongoing trials employing this agent will focus on extending survival, optimizing quality of life, and defining a possible role for CT-2103 in the standard management of advanced ovarian cancer.