Spontaneous unusual expression of frequency of chromosome aberrations and common fragile in human lymphocytes of colorectal cancer patients induced by Aphidicolin
Ajit Kumar Saxena, C. S. Agarwal, Manoj Kumar, A. K. Srivastava, and Gajendra Singh
Chromosomal fragile sites are distributed all over the human genome. Aphidicolin mediated expression frequency of common fragile sites and other chromosomal changes were evaluated in prometa-phase/ metaphase chromosomes obtained from peripheral blood lymphocytes of colorectal cancer patients. The present study reveals first time high incidence i.e. 6 % of aphidicolin induced chromosome breaks / gaps designated as “common fragile sites” in cell population of clinically diagnosed patients of colorectal cancer patients in Nepalese population. These chromosomal changes including structural and numerical were compare to clinically healthy normal individual of same sex / age groups, act as controls for statistical analysis. The frequency of chromosomal aberration in cancer patients were significantly higher (p<0.001) when compare to normal individuals. The increased genetics instability probably either due to nutritional factor i.e. lack of folic acid component in diet—an essential component required for DNA synthesis or unknown environmental factor for such genetic disorder. The present study indicates aphidicolin high frequency of induced chromosome aberrations and “common fragile sites” because of late replication of DNA in mitosis in colorectal cancer patients suggesting these sites could be used as suitable marker for determining genetic predisposition in cancer patients.