Electrical resistivity measured by millisecond pulse-heating in comparison to thermal conductivity of the hot work tool steel AISI H11 (1.2343) at elevated temperature
Erhard Kaschnitz, Peter Hofer-Hauser and Walter Funk
Selected thermophysical properties of the hot work tool steel AISI H11 (1.2343) were measured in the temperature range from room temperature to the melting temperature. Thermal diffusivity was measured by the laser-flash method; heat capacity by differential scanning calorimetry; linear thermal expansion by push-rod dilatometry; and density at room temperature by an Archimedean balance. From these experimentally obtained data, thermal conductivity was calculated.
Additionally, electrical resistivity of AISI H11 (1.2343) was measured by millisecond pulse-heating in the above mentioned temperature range. The measurement results of electrical resistivity as a function of specific enthalpy was combined with results of specific heat capacity measurements by differential-scanning calorimetry to obtain the relation between resistivity and temperature.
Based on measured electrical resistivity and thermal conductivity, a Smith-Palmer-plot for the hot work tool steel AISI H11 (1.2343) is obtained for the ferritic and austenitic phases. No linear behaviour – as expected by the Wiedemann-Franz law – is observed in the ferritic phase region. In the high temperature austenitic region, the thermal conductivity can be computed from electrical resistivity using empirical constants of similar austenitic steels or superalloys.
Keywords: AISI H11 (1.2343), electrical resistivity, hot work tool steel, millisecond pulse-heating, specific heat capacity, Smith-Palmer-plot, thermal conductivity