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Normal spectral emissivity and heat capacity of Pd–Fe melts measured at constant pressure under electromagnetic levitation with a static magnetic field
Manabu Watanabe, Masayoshi Adachi, Masahito Uchikoshi and Hiroyuki Fukuyama

The normal spectral emissivity at 807 and 940 nm and heat capacity at constant pressure of Pd–Fe melts were measured under electromagnetic levitation with a static magnetic field. The samples were made of Fe of mass purity 99.9985%. The present emissivity of Fe melts was relatively low compared with previously reported data using Fe with purity lower than 99.95% mass purity. The spectral emission of the Fe melts was analyzed using their normal spectral emissivity obtained from the Drude model. The excess heat capacity of Pd–Fe melts was evaluated from the measured heat capacity of Pd–Fe melts. Applying the Lupis–Elliot rule, we concluded from the obtained excess heat capacity that the enthalpy of mixing and excess entropy of the Pd–Fe melts should be negative. The composition dependence of the enthalpy of mixing, excess entropy, and excess Gibbs energy of Pd–Fe melts were evaluated using data obtained in this study and the literature.

Keywords: Electromagnetic levitation; Pd–Fe melts, Normal spectral emissivity; Heat capacity at constant pressure; Excess heat capacity; Enthalpy of mixing

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