Krukenberg carcinoma metastasized from stomach resembling mucinous cystadenocarcinoma of the ovary
Melike Doğanay, Hasan Onur Topçu, Mahmut Kuntay Kokanalı, Ali İrfan Güzel, Aslı Oskovi, Serap Akbay and Sabri Cavkaytar
The ovaries are common site of metastasis in a variety of primary neoplasms. Multiple tumors such as breast, lung, and pancreas have been reported to metastasize to the ovary, however; the colon and stomach are the most common primary cancer sites that of ovarian metastasis. An ovarian mass mostly originates from its self-tissue, but sometimes it can be a metastasis of a gastrointestinal system tumor. Such cases are often misdiagnosed as primary ovarian cancers. A 42-year-old woman was admitted to our hospital with pelvic pain. She had a history of her complaints for two months. Bilateral large ovarian mass was detected in transvaginal ultrasound. Laparotomy was performed, the pathologist suggested inspection of the stomach after the frozen section analysis; therefore, an irregular mass on the stomach was detected. The general surgeon was attended to the operation, and an inoperative stomach tumor was reported by the general surgeon. After that due to the partial obstruction of jejunum, a gastrojejunostomy was performed. It is in fact difficult to distinguish between metastatic mucinous carcinomas and primary mucinous carcinomas of the ovary, due to the similar appearance of as cystic tumors on gross examination. The clinicians should be aware of the likely concomitant gastrointestinal system tumor when a large and bilaterally mass was detected on physical examination. This case also reminds that a systemic examination is necessary even if the large ovarian tumors suspicious of primary malignancy were noticed.
Keywords: krukenberg tumor, gastrointestinal system tumors, ovarian cyst, ovarian cystadenocarcinoma.