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Phase II study of OK-432 intrapleural administration followed by systemic cisplatin and gemcitabine for non-small cell lung cancer with pleuritis carcinomatosa
Mizuki Ikehara, Fumihiro Oshita, Rie Susuki, Haruhiro Saitoh, Kouzo Yamada and Kazumasa Noda

We conducted a phase II study of OK-432 intrapleural administration followed by systemic chemotherapy using cisplatin with gemcitabine to determine their combined effects on non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) with pleuritis carcinomatosa. Between December 1999 and October 2001, 15 patients were registered in the study. Fourteen patients had an Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group performance status (PS) of 1, and one patient had a PS of 2. Ten patients had adenocarcinoma, one had squamous cell carcinoma, and four had malignant mesothelioma. Patients underwent thoracocentesis and received an OK-432 intrapleural injection. They were then treated every three weeks with chemotherapy consisting of 80 mg/m2 cisplatin on day 1 and 1000 mg/m2 gemcitabine on days 1 and 8. Thirteen patients received two or more courses of chemotherapy. Grade 3 or 4 neutropenia, anemia and thrombocytopenia occurred in five, two and three patients, respectively. Nonhematological toxicities were mild, except for one patient who experienced a grade 3 elevation of transaminase and two patients who experienced grade 3 nausea. Of the 15 patients, one achieved partial response (PR), 13 a stable disease (SD) rating, and one a progressive disease (PD) rating, and the overall response rate was 6.7%. The median survival time was 13.5 months and the one-year survival rate was 60.0%. In conclusion, OK-432 intrapleural administration followed by cisplatin and gemcitabine systemic chemotherapy did not reduce patients’ tumors but did prolong their survival time. A large-scale phase II study of the efficacy of this combination therapy is required.

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