Effects of perillyl alcohol and heat shock treatment in gene expression of human lung adenocarcinoma cell line A549
Juliana de Saldanha da Gama Fischer, Paulo Costa Carvalho, Cerli Rocha Gattass, Marcos Eduardo Machado Paschoal, Marcelo Soares da Mota e Silva and Maria da Gloria da Costa Carvalho
The K-Ras protein is found mutated in 42.4% of lung adenocarcinoma cases, evidencing its importance as a chemotherapeutic target. The Ras protein becomes functional after farnesylation, a post-transduction modification, allowing its attachment to the cellular membrane permitting signal transduction. Perillyl alcohol (POH) has been shown to inhibit the farnesylation of small G-proteins such as Ras. HSP70, a protein known to appear after heat shock (HS), is found over expressed in lung cancer and modifies chemotherapeutic effects. In this work, the effect of POH and HS in the gene expression of human adenocarcinoma lung cells (A549) is studied. Cells incubated with POH followed by 42°C HS presented a 20.7% cellular viability decrease compared to the ones kept at 37°C. A different pattern synthesis was observed for each sequences of cell treatment. Independent of the heat treatment, the amount of HSP70 was decrease by POH without modification in the amount of p53. Here it is shown that HS modified the POH effects in the ERK activation pathway by altering the phosphorylation of p44/42 in human adenocarcinoma lung cells.