FTY720 treatment in experimentally urethane-induced lung tumors
Léa Bueno Lucas da Silva, Daniel Araki Ribeiro, Patrícia Maluf Cury José Antonio Cordeiro and Valquiria Bueno
FTY720 has been shown to prevent cancer development in experimental models but there is no report whether this beneficial effect is associated with the time point of the drug administration. Lung adenoma was induced in mice by urethane injection followed by different periods of FTY720 administration in order to evaluate lung tumor development. BALB/c mice received two doses (1,5g/kg) of urethane intraperitoneally and were submitted to five daily doses of FTY720 (1mg/kg/day) starting just after urethane injection (G2 n=5), 4 weeks after urethane injection (G3 n=10), 8 weeks after urethane injection (G4 n=10) and no FTY720 administration (G1 n=5). Twenty-four weeks after urethane administration mice were evaluated for leukocyte numbers in blood, lymphocytes in spleen, and lungs were evaluated for changes in histology and PCNA expression. Lung nodules were present in higher numbers both in non treated (G1; 0.0- 7.0) and FTY720 treated 8 weeks after urethane injection (G4; 0.0-6.0). G4 Group also presented the highest number of papillary nodules. There was a decrease in PCNA staining in early time FTY720 treated mice. Therefore, our data suggest that FTY720 treatment in early periods after lung tumor induction is beneficial and impairs adenoma development.