Expression of death decoy receptor-3 (DcR3) in human breast cancer and its functional effects on breast cancer cells in vitro
Zhicheng Ge, Andrew J. Sanders, Lin Ye, Yu Wang and Wen G. Jiang
Background: Death Decoy Receptor-3 (DcR3), otherwise known as tumour necrosis factor receptor superfamily member 6b, is suggested to be involved in the progression and immune evasion of malignant tumours. Its ligands include FASL and LIGHT (Tumour necrosis factor ligand superfamily member 14). DcR3 has been found to be amplified in certain solid tumours. However, its role in breast tumours remains unclear. In the present study, we examined the role played by DcR3 in MCF7 and MDA-MB- 231 cell lines.
Materials and Methods: The expression of DcR3 was examined in MCF7 and MDA-MB-231 cell lines using immunocytochemical staining and RT-PCR. Anti-DcR3 hammerhead ribozyme transgenes were constructed and transfected into cells to create DcR3 knock-down cell sublines. The biological impact of modifying DcR3 expression in breast cancer cells was evaluated using a variety of in vitro assays, including growth, adhesion, migration and invasion models.
Results: MCF7 and MDA-MB-231 cells, usually expressing DcR3, were transfected with the anti-DcR3 ribozyme transgene. Stable transfectants containing the DcR3 ribozyme transgene (MCF7DcR3KO, MDA-MB-231DcR3KO) displayed a reduction of DcR3 expression at mRNA and protein levels. DcR3 knockdown in MCF7 cells was found to significantly reduce invasive capacity compared to pEF6 control cell lines (30.78 ± 6.40 vs.151.67 ± 17.67 P < 0.001). The rate of migration in MCF7DcR3KO was significantly lower than MCF7 pEF6 (P < 0.001). In contrast, no such significant differences was seen between MDAMB- 231DcR3KO and MDA-MB-231pEF6.
Conclusion: Suppressing DcR3 expression was found to have an inhibitory effect on cellular invasion and migration in MCF7 breast cancer cells. This suggests that the invasion and migration capacity of this breast cancer cell line may, at least partly, depend on DcR3. DcR3 may be regarded as a negative regulator for aggressiveness during the development and progression of certain types of breast cancer.
Keywords: DcR3, DR3, VEGI, breast cancer, invasion, migration