Creation of Environmentally Friendly Fuel High in Energy by Mixing Marine Fuel Oil and Biodiesel
C.G. Tsanaktsidis, A.Z. Stimoniaris, K.G. Spinthiropoulos, A. Papadimitriou, G.T. Tzilantonis, I.N. Smaragdis and B. Vasiliadis
The consolidation of marine fuel oil in modern times has kept it at a leading position in technological research in the industrial area. The marine fuel oil is based on the distillation residues of crude oil and is divided into two categories: distillate fuel (diesel oil) and residual fuel oil. The quality of the particular fuel has direct effects on the ignition quality of the diesel engines. The fuel sulfur content is dependent on the type of crude oil from which it originates. Sulfur is undesirable because during the combustion is converted to sulfur dioxide (S02), which is acidic, corrosive, and contributory to the phenomenon of acid rain. This paper proposes the mixing of the biodiesel fuel in marine fuel oil at a rate of 10%, 15%, 20%, and 25% and a study of the physicochemical suitability parameters. Alongside, presented is a study of the production costs for the mixtures according to the prices of raw materials biodiesel manufacturing (used frying oil [UFO], rapeseed oil, animal fat, and sun oil) and marine fuel oil price.
Keywords: New fuel, marine fuel oil, biodiesel, cost analysis, Fourier-transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR), spectroscopy