Monte Carlo and ray tracing algorithms in the cyberknife treatment planning for lung tumours-comparison and validation
V. Murali, P.G. Gopalakrishna Kurup, N. Bhuvaneswari, H. Sudahar and M. Muthukumaran
Multiplan treatment planning system, used with Cyberknife system, provides the option of using either the ray tracing algorithm or the Monte Carlo algorithm for the final dose calculation. In order to compare and validate the dose calculations of these algorithms, especially in a heterogeneous medium, a lung phantom study was carried out. Validation has been done with thermoluminiscent dosimetry (TLD) using lithium fluoride rods for the point doses and film dosimetry using EBT2 films for the dose distribution. In the point dose measurements, an agreement of 100.1±2.6 % (1 SD) is observed with the Monte Carlo dose calculation, whereas it is only 91.2± 3.2% (1 SD) with the ray tracing calculation. On subjecting the dose distributions from irradiated EBT2 films for validation of Monte Carlo calculation MC, over 96% of the pixels pass the gamma criteria of 3mm and 3cGy.On analyzing the dose profiles from EBT2 films and the corresponding profiles from the plan calculated using the Monte Carlo algorithm, it is seen that the maximum distance-to agreement values are within the 3mm criteria set, whereas the maximum values are as high as 8 mm when compared with plan calculated using ray tracing algorithm. The results of the actual measurements are more consistent with the dose calculation by the Monte Carlo algorithm.
Keywords: Cyberknife, Monte Carlo, Ray tracing, Thermoluminiscent, EBT2 Film, Dosimetryr