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Laser Surface Treatment of Ti-6Al-4V for Bio-Implant Application
A. Biswas, L. Li, T.K. Maity, U.K. Chatterjee, B.L. Mordike, I. Manna and J. Dutta Majumdar

The present study aims at enhancing the wear resistance of Ti-6Al-4V by laser surface melting and nitriding and subsequently, studying the influence of laser surface treatment on the corrosion resistance in a simulated body fluid and also the bio-compatibility. The laser surface treatment is carried out using a high power continuous wave diode laser with argon and nitrogen as shrouding gas. Laser surface melting leads to an increased volume fraction of acicular martensite and a decreased volume fraction of the b phase in the microstructure. Laser surface nitriding leads to the formation of titanium nitride dendrites. The micro-hardness could be improved up to a maximum of 450 Hv in laser surface melting and 900–950 Hv in the case of laser surface nitriding as compared to 260 Hv of the as-received substrate. Surface melting increases the corrosion potential (Ecorr) and primary potential for pit formation (Epp1) significantly as compared to the as-received Ti-6Al-4V. However, when processed under similar conditions, surface nitriding shifts Ecorr marginally in the more noble direction, and increased Epp1 as compared to Ti-6Al-4V. The biocompatibility behaviour shows a superior cell viability on surface nitriding and an inferior cell viability on surface melting as compared to the as-received Ti-6Al-4V.

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