On the Use of a Continuous Wave Nd:YAG Laser in the Generation of Random Numbers
The Nd:YAG laser is a solid state laser that has many applications in the industry, science and medicine. We in this paper use a continuous wave (CW) Nd:YAG laser emitting light at 1064 nm to generate random numbers. We first give a recipe of an experimental setup that is capable of measuring and recording the vacuum fluctuations with the help of our cw Nd:YAG laser. The basic scheme simply involves the Nd:YAG laser, detectors and some radio frequency electronic components. The laser source used in the demonstration provides us with a quantum noise limited CW at a radio frequency sideband of 14 MHz. The final data obtained after appropriate electronic signal processing are digitized voltage fluctuations that correspond to the vacuum fluctuations in the optical domain. The data randomly lies above or below zero due to its quantum mechanical probabilistic nature. We assign a ‘1’ to the data that is positive and a ‘0’ to the data that is negative, hence we are able to generate a random bit sequence by using a cw Nd:YAG laser. This result adds yet another interesting application to the many number of broad applications of the Nd:YAG laser system.
Keywords: Nd:YAG laser, continuous wave (CW), quantum optics, quantum fluctuations, quantum noise, random numbers