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Identification of Coronavirus (n-CoV) Using a Two-dimensional (2-D) Photonic Crystal Structure (PCS) via the Plane Wave Expansion (PWE) Technique Using a Laser Diode (LD)
M.K. Sahoo, D. Patnaik, K.P. Swain, G. PALAI and S.K. Sahu

COVID 19, a furious virus, exploded across the globe in 2020. Treatment, tracing and testing are the only way to retain a normal life. But the biggest obstacle is the shortage of proper testing kits which makes life horrendous. As a consequence it demands time to ramp up the development of a suitable test kit. In this scenario we propose a kit that is made up of a two-dimensional (2-D) Si-based photonic crystal structure (PCS) that could distinguish the novel coronaviruses (n-CoV) from ordinary coronaviruses. The principle of identification relies on the reflectance, absorbance and transmittance characteristics at the signal of 412 nm wavelength obtained from a laser diode (LD); moreover, the operational mechanism deals with the manipulation of the signal with the proposed PCS structure which contains the virus solution. Finally, the output transmitted energy differentiates the viruses pertaining to their nature; for example, an output with visible light energy gives an indication of normal flu; on the other hand, output energy within the infrared (IR) range confirms the case of novel coronavirus infection.

Keywords: Laser diode (LD), Si-based photonic crystal structure (PCS), 412 nm, coronavirus, n-CoV, COVID 19, reflectance-absorbance-transmittance, plane wave expansion (PWE)

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