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Time-Window and Voronoi-Partition Based Aggregation Scheduling in Multi-Sink Wireless Sensor Networks
Chengliang Wang and Yu Zhang

As an essential operation in multi-sink wireless sensor networks (WSNs), data aggregations main aim is collecting the data stored in the sensor nodes to the sink nodes and its key points are shortening the aggregation time and prolonging the network lifetime. To the best of our knowledge, the nearest-sink (NS) scheme has the better performance in shortening the aggregation time but it doesn’t do well in prolonging the network time, while another scheme called round-robin (RR) has opposite result. To equilibrate the performance between aggregation time and network lifetime, a scheme called time-window and voronoi-partition based aggregation scheduling (TVAS) is proposed in this paper. Firstly, according to the Voronoi algorithm we divide the sensing area into numbers of partitions, each of which owns several sub-regions, in which all sensor nodes will choose the same scheme to forward the data. Secondly, Recourse-Arbitration-Response (RAR) mechanism is presented to dynamically achieve the destination sink node for the sensor nodes in each sub-region which reserves several candidate sink nodes. Finally, based on the data pressures of the candidate sink nodes, the aggregation scheduling of the sensor nodes in one sub-region should be switched between the NS scheme and the proposed TVAS scheme. A performance evaluation reveals that the proposed TVAS scheme can achieve the balance between reducing the aggregation time and prolonging the network lifetime of the WSN in an asymmetric data generation environment.

Keywords: Multi-sink wireless sensor network, time-window, Voronoi-partition, sub-region, adjacent-partition, recourse-arbitration-response (RAR) mechanism.

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