Numerical Simulation of Deflagration-to-Detonation Transition: The Role of Hydrodynamic Instability
M.A. Liberman, G.I. Sivashinsky, D.M. Valiev and L.-E. Eriksson
The role of the flame folding, induced by the classical Darrieus-Landau instability, on the transition from deflagration to detonation is studied by numerical simulations of premixed gas combustion spreading from the closed end of a semi-infinite, smooth-walled channel. It is found that in sufficiently wide channels the Darrieus-Landau instability may invoke nucleation of hot spots within the folds of the developing wrinkled flame, triggering an abrupt transition from deflagrative to detonative combustion. The mechanism of the transition is the temperature increase due to the influx of heat from the folded reaction zone, followed by autoignition. The transition occurs when the pressure elevation at the accelerating reaction front becomes high enough to produce a shock capable of supporting detonation. This requires the fold to be sufficiently narrow and deep. The influence of adhesive and rough walls on the transition is discussed.