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Physical Layer Security of Autonomous Driving: Secure Vehicle-to-Vehicle Communication in a Security Cluster
Na-Young Ahn and Dong Hoon Lee

We suggest secure Vehicle-to-Vehicle communications in a secure cluster. Here, the security cluster refers to a group of vehicles having a certain level or more of secrecy capacity. Usually, there are many difficulties in defining secrecy capacity, but we define vehicular secrecy capacity for the vehicle defined only by SNR values. Defined vehicular secrecy capacity is practical and efficient in achieving physical layer security in V2V. Typically, secrecy capacity may be changed by antenna related parameters, path related parameters, and noise-related parameters. In addition to these conventional parameters, we address unique vehicle-related parameters, such as vehicle speed, safety distance, speed limit, response time, etc. in connection with autonomous driving. We confirm the relationship between vehicle-related secrecy parameters and secrecy capacity through modeling in highway and urban traffic situations. These vehicular secrecy parameters enable real-time control of vehicle secrecy capacity of V2V communications. We can use vehicular secrecy capacity to achieve secure vehicle communications from attackers such as quantum computers. Our research enables economic, effective and efficient physical layer security in autonomous driving.

Keywords: Vehicle-to-Vehicle, Secrecy Capacity, Physical Layer Security, Autonomous Driving, Vehicle Speed, Safety Distance, Vehicular Secrecy Capacity, vehicle-related secrecy parameters, Quantum Computer

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